April 24, 2016

Tuning the motorbike

Just like human beings need a few days off, or a few hours of massage after consecutive days of difficult shifts at work, motorbikes need relaxation too. Certainly, maintenance of motorbikes is extremely important. Not just to make the motorbike last longer, but also to enjoy smooth, efficient performance with a flawless ride. Often when we buy a new motorbike, the booklet that the company provides, gives details of the intervals we need in order to tune the motorbike. It could be for example, get the bike tuned after every 6 months of use or after every 4000 km traveled etc. As we follow the instructions, provided by the companies, not just tuning, but other precautionary and maintenance measures our motorbike begins to improve its performance and level of comfort may also increase.

So, what do we do when we hear “tuning the motorbike”?

Tuning the motorbike consists of

  • Engine tuning
  • Tune up
  • Race tuning, performance tuning and also Stage tuning
  • Carburetor
  • Fluids
  • Wheel


Photo source: wisegeek.com

Whether you are tuning the motorbike yourself or getting it done from a mechanic or a professional, make sure you have done the following steps. The tuning will vary depending on the type of motorbike. A heavy bike, for example will require special types of race tuning and stage tunings that might be very expensive. As such, you will not need to take very aggressive, time consuming, expensive measure on an ordinary motorbike. Open up the boxes, and take a look at the spark plugs and heat plugs. Make sure they look good. Otherwise, if they are disclosing naked wires and look damaged, then it is better that you get them replaced. There might as well be some space in these plugs, it is suggested that you get rid of them.

Concept and the first steps to motorbike tuning

The major theme behind tuning the motorbike is refreshing the bike and getting it into good, reasonable, shape. It is recommended that you open up the bolts, rims bolts, engine bolts and other hardware that you can open. Get your hands on a torch and look through them thoroughly. If anything is perfectly fine, then tighten up the bolts as well as you can. Sometimes, loose bolts can cause a lot of problems, including breaking down of parts and even accidents. Take a look at the air filter too. Although it is a very small element, it might need to be replaced, which shouldn’t be very costly and time consuming.

Another very important part of tuning is going through the brakes. Used countless times a day, brakes are often ignored by many riders. Open the calipers, or otherwise take a good look at the brake pads. If they look fairly old, or you can’t remember the last time you replaced them it is about time you get the changed. Often, riders do not replace the brake pads of their motorbikes if only one of the brake pad looks worn. In any case it is highly recommended that you get the brake pads replaced.  If you do not work on the brake pads when the motorbike is being tuned, the possibilities of brake fails are very high which can cause fatal accidents.Don’t forget to test the brake pads once you have got them changed. Visit Here to understand the ways of tuning the motorbike, with the help of pictures.

Didn’t see the chain yet? It is time you do! We won’t have to change the entire chain, all you really have to do is tighten it. In case it seems a  bit out of shape, it is recommended that you pull out the entire chain. Clean it first with a cloth or tissue. Following this add a good formula oil and grab a toothbrush. Add the oil and use the brush to clean off any dirt, grind or dust particles. Once you have done this, let the chain dry for a few hours before you can set it up again.

Now the main and most popular part of tuning the motorbike, the oil! Usually, the company from which you have bought the motorbike, specify a specific criteria for you to change the oil again. It varies on the type of bike, the company itself and also the engine size. They will suggest a given number of kilometers that a bike should ideally travel in one oil bottle. After the distance has been covered, it is highly recommended that you get the oil changed even if there is still some oil left in the container.  Changing the oil on ideal intervals, not only improves the performance and efficiency of the motorbike itself, but also leads to a more comfortable drive together with less chances of unwanted, unforeseen events. The life of engine is also likely to last longer. It is highly recommended, that when you take your motorbike for tuning, get the oil from the company as per the suggestion of the motorbike company itself as that is best for the engine. Overall, even at off times there is no harm in taking a look at the oil container and seeing the level of oil remaining. Sometimes you would not know about any leakage, like you would have traveled very little, but oil might be finished due to engine problem or leakage, so best to stay on a safe side and check the oil.

Small things can make a big difference, what else is included in tuning?

Now, perhaps another extremely important part, the carburetor. So you open up the bolts, take a brief look at the carburetor, look the jacks and boom! We are done right? No, certainly not.  You are more likely to need a proper technician when it comes to carburetor. The carburetor is not only a very complex machine, but it is also of significant importance. You don’t want to mess it up, while a good carburetor can lead a great performance of the motorbike.

Handles! How can we forget handles? Surely, handles are not just for turning the bike around. Handles too area complex part that need a look into. When you take the bike for a tuning, it is necessary that you make sure the handle of the bike and the front tire are in line. They usually have a machine to check it and fix it. If the front tire and handle are not in line, there is a very high possibility for an accident to happen. This is because you will misjudge the turns and results are inevitably ugly.

Missing the helmet? Nah. Helmet might be separate from the motorbike physically, but it is a very important part of the motorbike riding and must be taken care of. Make sure your helmet has all the straps working and is not damaged. Grab a torch and look for any weak parts inside the helmet, that should have foam. If you see such parts, it is best to add pieces of foam to make up for it as it will ensure your safety in case of accidents.

Did we see the wheels yet?

Now the last part of motorbike tuning that is, the wheels. If your wheels have already withstand a lot of damage, heat, friction then it is about time you change them.  There is a possibility that the rubber has already hardened and cracks are at stake now. To check whether the tires will take any more damage or not, you will need a sharp torch and some concentration. Wash the tires and after you wipe them, use the torch to look through them completely from top to bottom. The better the torch, brighter your chances of spotting the cracks. You might have to change the tire tube, if there are a few punctures, send the entire tire for repairing to a verified company that knows how to fix the tires, or change the tire entirely if it has taken too much of damage. Also, if you have already done too many punctures on the tire, got them fixed over and over, then it is time that you realize that it is time to change things. Each time you fix the puncture, the tire only takes a temporary workable condition. Once the puncture is fixed the tire is good to go for the time being, not for long. While tuning, it is better to either get the entire tire tube changed or the entire tire changed if too many punctures have been taken up already, as they spoil the life of the tire. Lastly, make sure the air level in the tires is at optimum. If the tires are not running on the correct air level, they will conclude poor performance, less flexibility and can be very hard when turning the motorbike around.


Got all the tuning done? Everything check and fixed? Things don’t end here. This last part of tuning is extremely important. This is known as testing. Check each and every part of the motorbike, from tires and handles till the engine itself. Begin the testing with a slow ride around the time for a few minutes and let the engine warm up. Stay all ears for any uncommon sound that you hear will turning or riding. Once you have completed the basic step, you can advance to a more difficult stage. This is more about brakes and the emergency system. Speed the bike up to 90 or 100 km/h and suddenly press the brakes. Try to make the motorbike stop in 15 to 25 meters and see how the motorbike performs. The chances are high that the motorbike will disclose any defects. Once this stage is also cleared, you can do other things like taking sharp turns at a high speed to check the tires and the grip. Ride the bike on a mountainous are, or any are with plenty slops to check the strength of the engine. Take a look at the acceleration of the bike too, make sure it accelerate at a very good speed.

Problems in testing?

Engine coming up with hic ups? Gets worse with bigger gears? Get the motorbike checked. One possibility is that the mixture is slightly too lean and might need to be changed.

If the engine is heating up a lot as you drive on a high slope, then know it that something is wrong with the mixture. It is either too liquid or too thick.Have you notices something strange with the rpm? E.g when speeding up it rises, but eventually comes down to death regardless of what is really going on. This too is caused when the fluid is too liquid, the mixture is not optimum.

Anything else you find strange? Don’t hesitate before taking the help of a technician.

Although it is recommended that you do the tuning and testing of the motorbike with the help of some dedicated professionals or technicians who have good knowledge of how to do the job accurately. They can identify the errors and problems in the motorbike and refresh the entire system much better then we can but the entire process can be expensive and time consuming. With good knowledge, any rational rider can do the work himself. Don’t forget to wash to bike too! Washing the motorbike can not only reveal problems, damaged hardware but will also clean the bike, probably remove most of the dirt and make the motorbike shine like before again.

Good luck!

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